Introducing waste into an incinerator may be carried out either by manual or automated processes. The choice is determined by production capacity of the plant and the nature of the waste. We carefully study the operational safety and the physical nature of the waste and ultimately, the maximum efficiencies to meet supply & demand.
A top load system is designed to stage waste that is handled via vehicle with a hydraulic bucket (IE. Bobcat, Tractor, etc…). This reduces the manual load requirement plus minimizes direct contact with the primary combustion chamber as waste is being introduced to the incineration process.
(built to accommodate waste from wheeled bins)
To facilitate plants where the waste is stored and transported to the incinerator in wheeled bins. A bin tipper can be selected to transfer the waste either directly into the incinerator or into the incinerator via a ram feeder.
(hydraulic loading machine pushes waste into the incinerator)
The ram loader is comprised of a horizontal or slightly inclined hydraulically operated machine, specifically designed to introduce the waste into the incinerator via an interlocked hydraulic charge door, which seals the primary combustion chamber from the waste and operator. The ram loader incorporates a hinged feed door and a hydraulic operated pushing ram, which on the demand of the control system, delivers the waste into the chamber via the hydraulic charge door. Once the waste has been charged into the chamber, the push ram withdraws and the charge door closes in preparation for the next load.
For dense waste such as wood or large animal carcasses, pre-treatment of the waste by crushing may be considered. Pre-treatment of this type of waste has several advantages. Large quantities of waste may be processed through the crusher and stored within a hopper irrespective of the incinerators availability. Crushing and shredding the waste also massively increases the surface area of the waste. As combustion works by thermally decomposing the surface area of the waste inwards, increasing the area exposed to the combustion process which minimizes fuel input and promotes stable operating conditions. Waste that is processed through the cutters of a crusher will be transported by a conveyor into a silo or storage hopper. On the demands of the incinerator, waste will be transferred by a second conveyor or pump directly to the incinerator.